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European standards

The SUNGBOO protective gloves have been designed and manufactured in compliance with the requirements laid down in the European Standards described below. We declare, with full responsibility, that our products represent safe personal protection equipment of category I or II, provided that they are used in accordance with their intended use and have been properly selected. They are characterized by the highest quality of materials and workmanship, thus ensuring a high level of working comfort.

The Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the European Parliament and of the Council lays down three categories of risk against which the personal protection equipment is intended to protect users:

  • Category I includes the minimal risks.
  • Category II includes risks other than those listed in Categories I and III.
  • Category III includes the risks that may cause very serious consequences such as death or irreversible damage to health.

EN420:2003

This European standard is a general standard referred to in the European standards regarding or applicable to protective gloves. This standard should not be used on individual basis, but only in combination with the appropriate standards. It defines the general requirements and relevant test procedures for glove design and construction, resistance to water penetration, innocuousness, comfort and dexterity, marking and information supplied by the manufacturer that is applicable to all protective gloves.

An important element of the EN 420 standard is the proper sizing of protective gloves, in accordance with the following table:

Glove size Hand circumference (mm) Hand length (mm) Minimum length of the glove (mm)
6 152 160 220
7 178 171 230
8 203 182 240
9 229 192 250
10 254 204 260
11 279 215 270

 

Furthermore, it is recommended that protective gloves should provide as much dexterity as possible, taking into account their intended use. Dexterity depends on a number of factors, such as material thickness, flexibility and susceptibility to deformation. The EN 420:2003 standard provides detailed requirements for marking of protective gloves.

Gloves should be marked with the following information:

  • name, trade mark or other identification of manufacturer or its authorized representative;
  • glove identification (trade name or code allowing the user to trace back the product to its manufacturer / authorized representative);
  • size code;
  • if necessary, the expiration date – where the glove parameters can be significantly reduced by aging;
  • where the gloves comply with one or more of the relevant European Standards – the pictograms denoting the standards as appropriate.

EN388:2003

This standard describes the requirements, test methods and labelling of protective gloves as well as information to be provided in respect of physical and mechanical stress caused by abrasion, blade cut, tear and puncture. This standard applies only in combination with the EN 420 standard.

Protective gloves against mechanical risks should have the performance level 1 or higher for at least one of the above mentioned properties (abrasion resistance, blade cut resistance, tear resistance and puncture resistance) classified according to the minimum requirements for each level shown in the table below.

Test Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5
Abrasion resistance (cycles) 100 500 2000 8000 -
Blade cut resistance (factor) 1,2 2,5 5 10 20
Tear resistance (N) 10 25 50 75 -
Puncture resistance (N) 20 60 100 150 -

 

Professional protective gloves offered by SUNGBOO Sp. z o.o. are subjected to laboratory tests carried out at independent testing laboratories, in order to determine their physical properties.

Test results are presented in the form of information printed on the dorsal side of the glove or as information printed on the label and are presented in the form of pictograms. The following example of a pictogram shows that the protective glove has the highest level of abrasion resistance (4), the lowest level of blade cut resistance (1), the average level of tear resistance (2) and the lowest level of puncture resistance (1).

The range of possible performance (resistance) against the relevant mechanical risks is as follows:

Resistance to  Values
Abrasion 0-4
Blade cut 0-5
Tear 0-4
Puncture 0-4

  

normy europejskie - symbol

 

All of the listed mechanical risks are of significant importance for the product, Customers and users. Different test results, and hence different levels of mechanical resistance, imply the need for proper selection of individual types of protective gloves for different types of work. For example, work in the conditions of risk of injury requires the use of anti-cut gloves i.e. characterized by high resistance to blade cut. The EN 388:2003 standard provides for a test procedure called the ‘Coupe Test’, which uses a circular blade moving backward and forward under a 5N load over the sample and the ‘cut index’ is determined by calculating the number of cycles required to cut through the test sample.

normy europejskie

EN388:2016

Given the fact that the market for personal protection equipment evolved impressively and many products show (seemingly) similar levels of protection, as defined by EN 388:2003 standard, it has become necessary to clarify the mechanical performance parameters of the gloves. This was allowed by the revised EN 388:2016 standard.

This is of special importance for anti-cut gloves. The ‘Coupe Test’ described in the aforesaid EN 388:2003 standard, has been specified in more detail in accordance with the ISO13997 method, also known as the TDM-100 method. For this methodology, a different tool is used during testing, and the focus is on the sharpness of the tool used for the fabric sample cutting.

A fifth character has been added to the pictogram i.e. a letter from A to F, which represents the cut resistance. Marking of the blade cut resistance with a digit – as a result of the ‘old’ Coupe Test – can also appear on the pictogram as an additional reference. Moreover, the abrasion resistance tests are carried out using a new type of abrasive paper (Klingspor PL31B 180), which is more repeatable. Thus, the test result is more precise than before.

In addition, gloves that have been designed to withstand impacts are tested for their resistance against this risk (“impact protection”) according to EN 13594:2015. If the test result is positive, it is marked with the letter ‘P’, if it is negative, it is marked with the letter ‘F’, and where no test has been carried out, the letter ‘X’ is used.

The test results are shown in the pictogram, which is a little more extensive. The following diagram describes the marking of protective gloves according to the currently applicable EN 388:2003 standard (in the drawing as ‘current marking’), and according to the new EN 388:2016 standard (in the drawing as ‘new marking’), which is already being introduced and gaining popularity among all professional manufacturers, buyers and users of protective gloves.

 

normy europejskie - piktogram

normy europejskie - parametry rękawic